Homepage Forums Discussion SDG VIII: Decent Work and Economic Growth: Role of NGOs in skillful job creation

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  • Divya Malhotra
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    Eighth sustainable Goal aims to promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all Targets.

    For a developing country like India with population over 1.3 billion, employment concerns are even more pronounced. High growth numbers hold any significance only if the young population (often labelled as demographic dividend) is fully integrated within the workforce. This necessitates proper manpower planning and investment in skillful job creation.
    The steady rise of NGOs has captivated the imagination of some policymakers and analysts. While government has been implementing multiple schemes in order to generate employment, role of NGOs in this regard has been commendable worldwide. Studies by international institutions like World Bank support the argument that NGOs and start ups play a major role in creation of “meaningful” jobs, which engage the skills and talent of individuals. Be it developed nations like the US or war torn Syria, international and National NGOs have made notable contribution in the field of development.
    In India, unemployment has been a chronic problem and has been addressed by policy makers time and again. Popular state policies like NREGA/MNREGA lead to “unproductive short-term job creation” whereby daily wages are distributed, without adding any value to the capital. Such artificial employment policies accentuate inflation. On the other hand, start ups and NGOs are emerging as alternate platforms to utilise the skills and intellectual capital of individuals while contributing to the larger agenda of development.
    The other school of thought, however, also criticises NGOs for the lack of job security, skill-stagnation, limited impact of policy making and involvement in corrupt practises.
    What is your take on the role of NGOs in economic development and productive job creation?

    References:
    1) World Bank report: http://blogs.worldbank.org/allaboutfinance/generating-jobs-in-developing-countries-a-big-role-for-small-firms
    2) Harvard Business School report: http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Publication%20Files/08-041.pdf
    3) International Institute for Sustainable Development: http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Publication%20Files/08-041.pdf

    Shruti
    Post count: 0

    I think only NGO cant change the economic status of developing country. Emergence of IT firms, education sector is also play a important role.

    But yes, I strongly agree that, NREGA/MNREGA lead to “unproductive short-term job creation” whereby daily wages are distributed, without adding any value to the capital. Such artificial employment policies accentuate inflation”.

    The policy demands the finishing in every term, policy makers should consider this.

    Bhavya Malhotra
    Post count: 0

    The SDGs promote sustained economic growth, higher levels of productivity and technological innovation. Encouraging entrepreneurship and job creation are key to this, as are effective measures to eradicate forced labour, slavery and human trafficking. With these targets in mind, the goal is to achieve full and productive employment, and decent work, for all women and men by 2030.

    Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services.

    Reference:
    http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-8-decent-work-and-economic-growth.html
    http://www.globalgoals.org/global-goals/good-jobs-and-economic/

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