July 11th is celebrated as World Population Day. In 1989 Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme has introduced 11th July as World Population Day. The United Nations recognises World Population day as an important event to spread information of population-related issues across the globe.
It was lifted by the public interest when the world population approached approximately five billion on July 11, 1987.
FHTS celebrated 11th July as World Population Day. A session held at FHTS on the topic ‘Family Planning is a human right.’
THEME OF WORLD POPULATION DAY, 2018
The theme of the World Population Day 2018 is “Family Planning is a human right”. FHTS celebrated the World Population Day to raise and spread awareness of the problemsregarding world’s population. The goal of FHTS is to pay special attention to reproductive health issues in the community as this is the main cause of the health and death of pregnant women in the worldwide and also to spread the awareness of birth control and to educate people and influence about family planning measure and methods.
Awareness helps in changing the game: women and girls have the right to avoid exhaustion, burnout and the risk of too many pregnancies being too close together.
.69% of population in India is resides in rural area and they are not aware of the term family planning, what are the benefits of family planning, age of marriage and first child birth, spacing between births, methods of contraception. So team member of FHTS attempted best to educate people regarding these and her sole objective was to to spread the word of mouth to ten other people so that we can bring down the effect of population momentum and reduce population growth.
What is ‘FAMILY PLANNING’?
Planning of when to have children and usage of birth control. Family Planning allows individual or couples to anticipate have their desired no. of children and to achieve healthy spacing of their birth.
Healthy spacing of pregnancies.
- Promoting family planning and ensuring access to different contraceptive method for women and couples is vital to ensure women well-being and autonomy.
- Prevent HIV and AIDS and other reproductive and sexually transmitted disease.
- Family planning helps people make informed choice about sexual and reproductive health. Family planning represent an opportunity for women for enhanced education and participate in public life, including paid employment on non-family organisation.
- End hunger and poverty
- Increase education.
- Improve maternal and infant health.
- Family planning in India:
- India was the first country in the world to have launched a national programme for family planning in 1952.
The aim of the program was not only to achieve population stabilization but also to promote reproductive health and reduce maternal infant to child mortality and morbidity.
Factors that influence population growth:
Unmet need of family planning- This included the current married women, who wish to stop child bearing or wait for the next two or more years for next child birth, but not using any contraceptive method.
Age at marriage and first child birth:
Early age at marriage will expand the age of child bearing. As in Indian culture marriage is the entrance of sexual union. So if we increase the age at marriage than the spam of child bearing will be shorter. So that will help in birth control which will impact in population momentum or population growth.
Spacing between births:
Healthy spacing of 3 years improves the chances of survival of infant and also helps in reducing the impact of population momentum or population growth.
Policies and programmes:
- Target free approach for move emphasis on spacing methods.
- Voluntary adoption of family planning methods assuring quality of service.
- Long acting reversible contraception- such as implant or IUD.
- Hormonal contraception, Such as pills or Depo Provera Injection.
- Barrier method-such as condoms.
- Emergency contraception- copper IUD, emergency contraception pills.
- Fertility awareness method:
Permanent contraception- Such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.